yb体育

当前位置: yb体育 > 教育视点 > 正文

教育视点

教育部就《中共中央办公厅 国务院办公厅yb体育全面加强和改进新时代学校体育工作的意见》答记者问

时间: 2019-10-19   浏览数: 次   来源:yb体育_官网

加快构建新时代学校体育教育体系 培养德智体美劳全面发展时代新人

——教育部有关负责人就《中共中央办公厅 国务院办公厅yb体育全面加强和改进新时代学校体育工作的意见》答记者问

  jinri,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfale《ybtiyuquanmianjiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaotiyugongzuodeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》),jiuguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,quanmianjiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaotiyugongzuojinxinglexitongshejihequanmianbushu。jiaoyubuyouguanfuzerenjiu《yijian》huidalejizhedetiwen。

  1.社会各界对学校体育工作十分关注,请介绍一下《意见》出台的背景。

yb体育  da: xijinpingzongshujizaiquanguojiaoyudahuishangdezhongyaojianghuazhongzhichu,yaoshulijiankangdiyidelinian,bangzhuxueshengzaitiyuduanlianzhongxiangshoulequ、zengqiangtizhi、jianquanrenge、chuilianyizhi。zheiweiquanmianjiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaotiyugongzuozhiminglefangxiang、tigonglegenbenzunxun。

  xuexiaotiyushishixianlideshurengenbenrenwu、tishengxueshengzonghesuzhidejichuxinggongcheng,shijiakuaituijinjiaoyuxiandaihua、jianshejiaoyuqiangguohetiyuqiangguodezhongyaogongzuo,duiyuhongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,peiyangxueshengaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyi、shehuizhuyijingshenhefenfaxiangshang、wanqiangpinbodeyizhipinzhi,shixianyitiyuzhi、yitiyuxinjuyoudutegongneng。

  《yijian》dechutaishiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujiybtiyujiaoyu、tiyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuijingshendezhongyaotixian,baxuexiaotiyugongzuobaizaigengjiatuchuweizhi,goujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi。

  2.《意见》的主要目标是什么?

yb体育  da: 《yijian》zhichu,yaoyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jianchishehuizhuyibanxuefangxiang,yilideshurenweigenben,yishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanweiyinling,yifuwuxueshengquanmianfazhan、zengqiangzonghesuzhiweimubiao,jianchijiankangdiyidejiaoyulinian,tuidongqingshaonianwenhuaxuexihetiyuduanlianxiediaofazhan,bangzhuxueshengzaitiyuduanlianzhongxiangshoulequ、zengqiangtizhi、jianquanrenge、chuilianyizhi,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren。dao2022nian,peiqipeiqiangtiyujiaoshi,kaiqikaizutiyuke,banxuetiaojianquanmiangaishan,xuexiaotiyugongzuozhidujizhigengjiajianquan,jiaoxue、xunlian、jingsaitixipubianjianli,jiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangquanmiantigao,yurenchengxiaoxianzhuzengqiang,xueshengshentisuzhihezonghesuyangmingxiantisheng。dao2035nian,jibenxingchengduoyanghua、xiandaihua、gaozhiliangdexuexiaotiyujiaoyutixi。

  3.以往体育课被挤占的现象时有发生。《意见》对体育课如何开展有什么具体规定?

  da: 《yijian》yaoqiugedikaiqikaizushanghaotiyuke,yangeluoshixuexiaotiyukechenggangxingyaoqiu,buduantuokuankechenglingyu,zhubuzengjiakeshi,fengfukechengneirong。xuexiaotiyukechengyaozhuzhongdazhongxiaoyouxiangxianjie,jujiaotishengxueshenghexinsuyang。yiwujiaoyuhegaozhongjiaoyujieduanxuexiaokechengyangeanzhaoguojiakechengfanganhekechengbiaozhunkaiqikaizushanghaotiyuke。gulijichujiaoyujieduanxuexiaomeitiankaishe1jietiyuke。gaodengjiaoyujieduanxuexiaoyaojiangtiyunarurencaipeiyangfangan,xueshengtizhijiankangdabiao、xiumantiyuxuefenfangkebiye。guligaoxiaohekeyanyuansuojiangtiyukechengnaruyanjiushengjiaoyugonggongkechengtixi。

  4.教学训练是学校体育工作的基础,请问《意见》是如何强化教学训练的基础性作用?

yb体育  da: weileqianghuajiaoxuexunliandejichuxingzuoyong,《yijian》mingquetichu,yishiyaojujiaojiaohui、qinlian、changsai,zhubuwanshan“jiankangzhishi+jibenyundongjineng+zhuanxiangyundongjineng”dexuexiaotiyujiaoxuemoshi。jiaohuixueshengkexueduanlianhejiankangzhishi,zhidaoxueshengzhangwopao、tiao、touyijipinghengxing、linghuoxing、rourenxingdengjibenyundongjinengheshentiyundongjineng,zhangwozuqiu、lanqiu、paiqiu、tianjing、youyong、ticao、wushu、bingxueyundongdengzhuanxiangyundongjineng。

yb体育  ershiyaojianquantiyuduanlianzhidu,guangfankaizhanpujixingtiyuyundong,dingqijubanxueshengyundonghuihuotiyujie,zujiantiyuxingquxiaozu、shetuanhejulebu,tuidongxueshengjijicanyuchangguikeyuxunlianhetiyujingsai。

yb体育  sanshiyaohelianpaixiaowaitiyuhuodongshijian,chuzhelibaozhangxueshengmeitianxiaonei1gexiaoshitiyuhuodongyiwai,yitiyuzuoyedengfangshiquebaomeitianxiaowai1xiaoshitiyuhuodong,cujinxueshengyangchengzhongshenduanliandexiguan。jiaqiangqingshaonianxueshengjunxun。

  5.开展全员参与的体育竞赛是实现学校体育享受乐趣、增强体质、健全人格、锤炼意志目标的重要途径。《意见》对健全体育竞赛和人才培养体系是如何规定的?

yb体育  da: xuexiaotiyushimianxiangrenrende。《yijian》guiding,yishiyaojianlixiaoneijingsai、xiaojiliansai、xuanbaxingjingsaiweiyitidedazhongxiaoxuetiyujingsaitixi,goujianguojia、sheng、shi、xiansijixuexiaotiyujingsaizhiduhexuanbaxingjingsai(xialingying)zhidu。dazhongxiaoxuexiaojianshexuexiaodaibiaodui,canjiaquyunaizhiquanguoliansai。

  ershiyaojiaqiangtijiaoronghe,guangfankaizhanqingshaoniantiyuxia(dong)lingyinghuodong,gulixuexiaoyutixiao、shehuitiyujulebuhezuo,gongtongkaizhantiyujiaoxue、xunlian、jingsai,cujinjingsaitixishenduronghe。

  sanshiyaojiaqiangtiyuchuantongtesexuexiaojianshe,wanshanjingsai、shizipeixundenggongzuo,zhichijianligaoshuipingyundongdui,tigaotiyuchuantongtesexuexiaoyundongshuiping。jianggaoxiaogaoshuipingyundongduijiansheyuzhongxiaoxuetiyujingsaixiangxianjie,naruguojiajingjitiyuhoubeirencaipeiyangtixi。

  6.学校体育的发展离不开师资、场地、器材等条件保障体系建设。《意见》提出了哪些措施来改善学校体育办学条件?

  da: 《yijian》tichugedijinmijieheshiji,zhidingxuexiaotiyujiaoshipeibeihechangdiqicaijianshesannianxingdongjihua,jijinarubendiqu“shisiwu”guihua,quanmiangaishanxuexiaotiyubanxuetiaojian。tongshiwobuyejiangjijihuitongyouguanbumenxiudingtiyuchangdiheshizipeibeibiaozhun,shiyingxinshidaijiaohui、qinlian、changsaideyaoqiu。

  yishipeiqipeiqiangtiyujiaoshi。yaoqiugedijiadalidupeiqizhongxiaoxuetiyujiaoshi,weipeiqidediquyingmeinianhuachuyidingbiliyongyuzhaopintiyujiaoshi。zaidazhongxiaoxueshelizhuan(jian)zhijiaolianyuangangwei。jianlipinyongyouxiutuiyiyundongyuanweitiyujiaoshihuojiaolianyuanzhidu。shishitiyujiaoyuzhuanyedaxueshengzhijiaojihua。tongguo“guopeijihua”dengjiadanongcuntiyujiaoshidepeixunlidu,zhichigaodengshifanyuanxiaoyuyouzhizhongxiaoxuejianlixietongpeixunjidi,zhichitiyujiaoshihaiwaiyanxiufangxue。mingquegaoxiaogaozhitiyuzhuanyehegaoxiaogaoshuipingyundongduizhuanyejiaoshi、jiaolianyuanpeibeizuidibiaozhun,budabiaodegaoxiaoyuanzeshangbudekaibanxiangguanzhuanye。

  ershigaishanchangdiqicaijianshepeibei。banongcunxuexiaotiyusheshijianshenarudifangyiwujiaoyujunhengfazhanguihua,guliyoutiaojiandediquzaizhongxiaoxuejianshetiyuchangguan,yutiyujichuboruoxuexiaogongyonggongxiang。xiaoguimoxuexiaoyibaojiben、doudixianweiyuanze,peibeibiyaodegongnengjiaoshihesheshishebei。jiaqianggaoxiaotiyuchangguanjianshe,guliyoutiaojiandegaoxiaoyudifanggongjiangongxiang。peihaotiyujiaoxuesuoxuqicaishebei,jianlitiyuqicaibuchongjizhi。

  sanshitongchouzhengheshehuiziyuan。gulixuexiaoheshehuigonggongtiyuchangguanhezuokaishetiyukecheng。yaoqiugedichengshiheshequjiansheguihuayaotongchouxueshengtiyuduanlianxuyao,xinjianxiangmuyaoyouxianjianzaixuexiaohuoqizhoubian。zongheliyonggonggongtiyusheshi,jiangkaizhantiyuhuodongzuoweijiejuezhongxiaoxuekehou“sandianban”wentideyouxiaotujinghezhongxiaoxueshengkehoufuwugongzuodezhongyaozaiti。

  7.如何发挥评价指挥棒作用,调动各方积极性参与学校体育工作?《意见》在这方面有哪些举措?

  da: weichongfendiaodong“shishengxiaojiashe”gefangzhuticanyuxuexiaotiyugongzuojijixing,《yijian》mingquetichusangefangmiandegaigejucuo。

yb体育  yishituijinxuexiaotiyupingjiagaige。jianlirichangcanyu、tizhijiancehezhuanxiangyundongjinengceshixiangjiehedekaochajizhi,jiangdadaoguojiaxueshengtizhijiankangbiaozhunyaoqiuzuoweijiaoyujiaoxuekaohedezhongyaoneirong。wanshanxueshengtizhijiankangdangan,zhongxiaoxuexiaoyaokeguanjiluxueshengderichangtiyucanyuqingkuanghetizhijiankangjiancejieguo,dingqixiangjiazhangfankui。jiangtiyukemunaruchu、gaozhongxueyeshuipingkaoshifanwei。gaijinzhongkaotiyuceshineirong、fangshihejifenbanfa,kexuequedingbingzhubutigaofenzhi。jijituijingaoxiaozaizhaoshengceshizhongzengshetiyuxiangmu。qidongzaigaoxiaozhaoshengzhongshiyongtiyusuyangpingjiajieguodeyanjiu。jiaqiangxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiadanganshiyong,gaoxiaogenjurencaipeiyangmubiaohezhuanyexuexixuyao,jiangxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiajieguozuoweizhaoshengluqudezhongyaocankao。

  ershiwanshantiyujiaoshigangweipingjia。weiraojiaohui、qinlian、changsaideyaoqiu,wanshantiyujiaoshijixiaogongzihekaohepingjiajizhi。jiangtiyujiaoshikeyuzhidaoxueshengqinlianhechangsai,yijichengdanxuexiaoanpaidekehouxunlian、kewaihuodong、kehoufuwu、zhidaocansaihezoujiaorenwujirugongzuoliang,binggenjuxueshengtizhijiankangzhuangkuanghejingsaichengji,zaijixiaogongzineibufenpeishijiyuqingxie。wanshantiyujiaoshizhichengpingpinbiaozhun,quebaotiyujiaoshizaizhiwuzhichengjinsheng、jiaoxuekeyanchengguopingdingdengfangmian,yuqitaxuekejiaoshixiangshoutongdengdaiyu。youhuatiyujiaoshigangweijiegou,changtongtiyujiaoshizhiyefazhantongdao。

  sanshijianquanjiaoyududaopingjiatixi。jiangxuexiaotiyunarudifangfazhanguihua,mingquezhengfu、jiaoyuxingzhengbumenhexuexiaodezhize。bazhengcecuoshiluoshiqingkuang、xueshengtizhijiankangzhuangkuang、suzhicepingqingkuanghezhichixuexiaokaizhantiyugongzuoqingkuangdengnarujiaoyududaopinggufanwei。wanshanguojiayiwujiaoyutiyuzhiliangjiance,tigaojiancekexuexing,gongbujiancejieguo。batiyugongzuojiqixiaoguozuoweigaoxiaobanxuepingjiadezhongyaozhibiao,narugaoxiaobenkejiaoxuegongzuopingguzhibiaotixihe“shuangyiliu”jianshechengxiaopingjia。

  8.一分部署,九分落实。如何确保将《意见》落到实处?

yb体育  da: yishijiaqiangzuzhilingdaohejingfeibaozhang。yaoqiudifanggejidangweihezhengfubaxuexiaotiyugongzuonaruzhongyaoyishiricheng,jiaqiangduibendiquxuexiaotiyugaigefazhandezongtimouhua,dangzhengzhuyaofuzetongzhiyaozhongshi、guanxinxuexiaotiyugongzuo。yaojianlijiaqiangxuexiaotiyugongzuobumenlianxihuiyizhidu,jianquantongchouxiediaojizhi。yaodiaozhengyouhuajiaoyuzhichujiegou,wanshantourujizhi,jijizhichixuexiaotiyugongzuo。yaotongchouanpaicaizhengzhuanyizhifuzijinhebenjicailizhichixuexiaotiyugongzuo。

  ershijiaqiangzhidubaozhang。jianlizhengfuzhudao、bumenxietong、shehuicanyudeanquanfengxianguanlijizhi。jianquanzhengfu、xuexiao、jiatinggongtongcanyudexuexiaotiyuyundongshanghaifengxianfangfanhechulijizhi,tansuojianlihangaitiyuyiwaishanghaidexueshengzonghebaoxianjizhi。shixingxueshengtiyuhuodonganquanshigudisanfangdiaojiejizhi。qianghuaanquanjiaoyu,jiaqiangdaxingtiyuhuodonganquanguanli。

  sanshiyingzaoshehuifenwei。gediyaoyanjiuluoshijiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaotiyugongzuodejuticuoshi,keyijieheshijizhidingshishixuexiaotiyujiaoshipeibeihechangdiqicaijianshesannianxingdongjihua。tongshizongjiejingyanzuofa,xingchengketuiguangdezhengcezhidu。jiaqiangxuanchuan,ningjugongshi,yingzaoquanshehuigongtongcujinxuexiaotiyufazhandelianghaoshehuifenwei。

上一条: 教育部就《中共中央办公厅 国务院办公厅yb体育全面加强和改进新时代学校美育工作的意见》答记者问

下一条: 中共中央 国务院印发《深化新时代教育评价改革总体方案》

yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网 yb体育_官网